Dry cleaning is about cleaning your clothes and fabrics with a chemical solution that consist of little water. When you clean fabrics surface, it will not go deep inside the fibers like water does for using a washing machine. This type of cleaning can be done on the fabrics and clothes ad does not seem to endure the rigors of standard home washer and dryer. The method helps to store desirable qualities of different fabrics that prevent from stretching and shrinking. It also lessens the requirement for hand washing that is actually time-consuming. Most dry cleaners provide wet cleaning for the washable items such as – household linens, slacks and starched shirts.
About dry cleaning chemicals
Dry cleaning process started when ammonia was used for cleaning woolen togas to prevent any form of shrinking that occurs when wool gets exposed to warm water. After this, the cleaners will move petroleum-based solvents such as kerosene and gasoline that are highly flammable and risky to use.
The cleaners began using tetrachloroethylene or perchloroethylene which is a chlorinated solvent and highly effective cleaner used by many commercial cleaners today. Both of them have a distinctive chemical smell and perchloroethylene has been referred to as perc and categorized in the form of carcinogenic to humans. Both dry cleaning chemicals and commercial cleaners are considered to be safe and more environmentally friendly solvents.
Green dry cleaning is actually based on a carbon dioxide detergent system and cleaning machines that can apply pressure to draw liquid carbon dioxide through clothes for getting rid of soil. There isn’t any heat involved that can make the entire process gentle to clothes and fabrics.
Commercial dry cleaning process
The commercial dry cleaning and laundry process had started in the local dry cleaning storefront when you want to wash your dirty clothes. Most dry cleaners do not use large and costly cleaning equipment on-site and many of them will transport your laundry to the central cleaning facility. This is much more cost-efficient than having machines at each drop-off location. There are different steps for cleaning each item separately:
· Garment tagging – Each item has the tag of an identification number. Some cleaners may use paper tags that can be pinned or stapled to the garment. Others can use an iron-on strip that consists of an assigned barcode permanently for regular customers. Similar soiled garments from various customers can be cleaned together and tagging ensures your clothes are generally returned back to you.
· Garment inspection – Before cleaning the clothes, all of them will be checked properly in case there are any items left in the rips, pockets, missing buttons and tears. These items can then be returned to customers and problems will be addressed at the time of cleaning them.
· Stain pre-treatment – Being an important part of the inspection process, the cleaner will be identifying the stain marks on your clothes and then treat them with the solvent cleaning process. If you are aware about the reason for a specific stain, then it is helpful to inform the cleaner for getting the best possible results during the stain removal process. This is also the right time when a good cleaner removes or covers delicate buttons and trim to avoid further damage.
· Machine dry cleaning – Soiled clothes need to be loaded in a large drum machine and cleaned by using a chemical solvent free from water. The clothes will gently be rubbed into the solution that causes the soil to loosen. The solvent will be drained, filtered and recycled so that the clothes are “rinsed” in a fresh solvent solution for flushing away the remains of soil.
· Post spotting – The dry cleaning process works well for getting rid of oil-based stains However, there are other kinds of stains that cannot be removed effectively all the time. So, all the garments should be post spotted to detect for the remaining stains. The stains will then be treated with water, steam or vacuum to remove unwanted traces.
· Finishing – The final step involves keeping your garment ready to wear which means pressing out or steaming wrinkles, doing necessary repair works or reattaching buttons. The items will be hung or folded for returning back to the customers. The plastic bags provided can help you to get your clothes home without further stains. It is extremely important to take them off right away or risk any kind of damage to clothes due to trapped moisture.
How you can attain the best result from your dry cleaner
· Read through the labels carefully – This might be quite obvious but most people do not pay any heed to the labels in their clothing and seem to tear them out completely. Your dry cleaner will always give some reference to the labels before cleaning but you should be the first person to give proper attention for special care instructions or unique fabrics in order to ensure that they are cleaned properly.
· Avoid removing the stain marks – When you spill something on the expensive clothes or notice there are any stains, it is quite obvious that you will try to remove them on your own. You should try to prevent the temptation and get it right to dry cleaners. You are more likely to make it worse by pushing food, oil or dye deeper into the fabric thus, making it much more difficult or almost impossible to remove completely.
· Get rid of any stains at the time of drop off – You should be able to point out and identify the stain marks so that they can be marked and pre-treated properly at the time of cleaning.
· Look for special buttons or embellishment – Certain garments will always have special buttons that need proper care. Since you have to manage a desk clerk that does not perform the cleaning work, try to point them out and ask if they may be protected or removed at the time of cleaning. You can also enquire if the items can be reattached as a part of the service.
· Make special care requests up front – You should be able to emphasize on any kind of stains, delicate fabrics or embellishments during the drop off. Do not assume that everything will be done properly at the time of dry cleaning. Rather, begin a conversation with the cleaner so that they can actually provide better results that you and your clothes will just love to appreciate all the time.
You may hire dry cleaners in London who can help in removing all kinds of stains and dirt from your clothes and fabrics so that you can maintain them for years. These professionals also provide special care and attention at the time of cleaning your clothes so that they may not get damaged in anyway and you can use them for a long time.