The Pilgrimage of the Way of Santiago, also known as the Pilgrimage of the Way of St. James, legend has it that the remains of the apostle St. James the Great are buried here, discovered by a shepherd in the 9th century, and the city is named after the apostle: Santiago de Santiago – Compostela means Saint James of the Starfield.
The pilgrimage has a strong religious background, and many who walk on Mount Camino still view the pilgrimage as a spiritual journey of self-discovery and personal growth. Pilgrims travel through countless culturally rich cities filled with incredible history and architecture.
1.Cathedral of Saint Mary of Burgos
Located in the Spanish city of Burgos, this UNESCO World Heritage Site dates back to the 13th century. This Gothic cathedral sits on the site of a previously built Romanesque church that was officially completed in the 16th century. Its very Gothic appearance can be seen in all its details, decoration and vertical orientation.
Gothic places of worship are purposely built high up and decorated with elements that create a sense of verticality, making one feel closer to heaven. From its pointed arches, structural supports, interior vaulted ceilings and decorative façades, the site tells the colorful history of Gothic architecture.
2.Mudejar Architecture in Sahagun
he city of Sahagun is part of the pilgrimage itinerary and has a long and colourful history. This decorative construction method was used by the Iberian kingdom and was influenced by Islamic art and architecture.
Mudejar architecture eventually influenced certain decorative elements of the Gothic style, known for its distinctive use of bricks, glazed tiles, geometric patterns and decorative calligraphy. Among the sights to visit are the Churches of San Tilso, San Lorenzo and La Pellegrina.
The town of Queensbridge is located in the Navarra region of northern Spain, and pilgrims pass by Queensbridge on their route to visit one of the town’s main attractions. The bridge is attributed to Mugnadona of Castile, wife of Queen Pamplona and King Sancho Gases III.
The Queen built a six-arched bridge over the Algar River for pilgrims to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, which is not only a beautiful Romanesque building but also plays an equally important role in the history of the city role, so it is very popular with pilgrims.
4.The Episcopal Palace of Astorga
Also on the pilgrimage route are some of the architectural ruins of the famous Antoni Gaudí, the Anglican Palace in Astorga, built in the 19th century and designed in the style of Catalan Modernism. Drawing on medieval and Arabic motifs, this artistic movement marked a revival in Catalan culture.
Originally designed by Gaudí and later completed by Ricardo García Greta, with granite façades, Gothic and Gaudí designs, today it is a building dedicated to the Cope Camino-Santiago pilgrimage of the museum.
5.Church of Saint Mary of Eunate
Located in Muruzabal, Spain, the church is a Romanesque church built in the 12th century, this church is especially worth visiting because of its location, it is built in the middle of a flat and open landscape, and the audience can admire the beauty of the church and the sunflowers around it Flower field.
Located in front of Porta Reina, the church is built with a unique octagonal layout and is dedicated to the Virgin Mary statue, the building’s little-known history makes it an even more mysterious and fascinating attraction.
6.Santiago de Compostela Cathedral
Arguably every pilgrim’s favorite place is the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, the burial site of St. James the Great, and reaching here is the ultimate goal of everyone on the path of the pilgrimage. This Romanesque building contains a variety of Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance elements that are amazing.
One of the unique parts is the Portico of Glory, the Romanesque portico and the main entrance of the Cathedral, the Portico of Glory, designed by the sculptor and architect Master Mateo, is one of the most recognizable parts of the Cathedral of Compostela, it has three Large arch decorated with more than 200 Romanesque sculptures, later remodeled to incorporate some Baroque elements.