If the fuel injectors do not pump the same quantity of gasoline into each cylinder, the engine does not provide maximum output or the engine might be affected in extreme circumstances. If one or many injectors do not provide so much fuel as the others, the optimal stoichiometric mix will not be available for all cylinders.
Computer engines regulate the fuel mix on all cylinders and, if some are heavy, others operate sluggishly. All fuel injector tester must be synchronized in an effort to ensure that all cylinders operate at peak power. If one injector has considerably less flow than most others, a lean blend can result in pre-ignition and can cause a broken injection.
Injectors Assembly Process
Return the injectors into the fuel rail. Replace the fuel rail and injectors and connect the electrical connections back into the head. Run-in – turn on the ignition before beginning motor and check for fuel leaks. Start the engine if there is no leak. It is a good idea to verify that no air leaks occur on any injector. Leaks may be detected by spraying starting fluid after each injection, and if an air leak occurs between the injector and the head, the engine idles increase immediately after the spray and goes back to normal a few seconds after the spraying.
I know of no fuel injectors which need to be calibrated save for the newer version with the fuel pump on top of the solenoid valves on the common rail concept. Even in these circumstances, the fuel pump is calibrated instead of the injector, which, when pressurized, is only an easy tool to inject gasoline.
The fuel pumps were calibrated on a Hartridge Machine in older diesel engines to verify their performance. The firm accomplishes the same with common rail and other contemporary fuel systems, according to the following webpage. The common rail, which automobile makers claim to be the latest technology, is pretty ancient since I cruised in ships that employed common rail many years ago.
The standard response is to guarantee that they flow to each other within a particular proportion. These injector types are often called a “matching set,” in which the number of injection devices the engine requires is specified.
Flow of injector
The computer that drives the automobile does not know the flow of each injector, just what it is intended to flow. The computer does not know exactly. The computer calculates the pulse widths of the injecter to fit the fuel requirements (how much fuel is efficiently squeezed by the injector). The computer asks the group of injectors for this amount rather than the individual injector.
The car can obtain better and more constant fuel, which will enable the computer to achieve fuel efficiency and/or greater power if the injectors have been calibrated and/or tied together to ensure they all flow very similarly.
Because the contemporary diesel injection system is unbelievably accurate, every single electronic injector has a Trim code. This is a label that enables a computer to precisely how much fuel the injector injects in a certain time set. To an unbelievably appropriate depth.
Also Read: What is an airlock in a fuel system?